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NEI核能碳减排评论
时间:2014年10月21日 来源:新浪博友“正能量粒子” 点击量:1030 分享:

http://ansnuclearcafe.org 上刊载了这样一篇短文,针对伊利诺伊州分析了核能的碳减排作用,试着翻译了一下,以供大家参阅。

本人特别声明:本人未获NEI网站和原作者授权翻译(未经校对),只是从科普志愿者的角度分享一种观点,不用于商业活动。

Illinois Carbon Emissions Would Double Without Its 11 Nuclear Reactors

没有11座核反应堆伊利诺斯州碳排放量将翻番

March 13, 2014—Illinois’ 11 nuclear reactors helped the state prevent more than 92 million tons of increased carbon dioxide emissions in 2012, a new report finds.

2014年3月13日——一份新的报告发现,伊利诺斯州11座核反应堆,在2012年帮助该州防止超过9200万吨的二氧化碳排放量的增加

The study by Illinois Clean Energy Coalition found that if the 96.4 million megawatt-hours of electricity generated by nuclear energy were replaced, based on the current mix of electricity generation sources, “CO2 production from fuel use would increase by more than 40 percent, and CO2 from electricity generation would nearly double.”

伊利诺斯州清洁能源联盟研究发现,如果要替代由核能发出的964亿千瓦时电力基于现有的燃料混合燃料使用后CO2产量将增加40%以上发电二氧化碳将增加近一倍

The report concludes that nuclear energy in Illinois is “a major factor in limiting greenhouse gas emissions” and that its replacement with other sources would have “enormous environmental repercussions.”

该报告的结论是,伊利诺斯州的核能是限制温室气体排放的主要因素”,且用其他来源替换它将会有巨大的环境影响

The study cites 2012 U.S. Energy Information Agency data to note that the 80.8 million megawatt-hours of electricity generated from coal in Illinois resulted in 97.1 million tons of carbon dioxide, while the 11.2 million megawatt-hours of natural gas generation emitted 3.5 million tons of CO2.

研究引用2012年美国能源信息局(EIA)的数据说明了伊利诺斯州煤炭发电808亿千瓦时、产生了9710万吨的二氧化碳天然气发电112亿千瓦时、产生了350万吨二氧化碳

The report concludes that replacing the 96.4 million megawatts of nuclear energy-derived electricity generated in 2012 with coal and natural gas would result in “92 million tons of increased CO2 emissions” during the year, the equivalent of “all the CO2 emissions from every passenger car registered in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin and Iowa, combined.”

该报告的结论是,煤和天然气取代核能2012年产生的964亿千瓦时电力将导致“9200万吨的二氧化碳排放量增加”,在这一年中,所有的二氧化碳排放量相当于注册在伊利诺斯州、印第安娜州威斯康星州和爱荷华州乘用车排放总和

The report also notes that the state’s nuclear fleet “displaces twenty times more CO2” than wind power does. “To equal the CO2 displacement of Illinois’ nuclear power fleet, the number of wind turbines across the state would need to increase from the current 2,200 to over 27,000,” a physical impossibility given population and topographical constraints.

报告还指出,国家的核电群堆相比风电而言”替代了20倍以上的二氧化碳。要等效于核电群堆的伊利诺斯CO2排放替代“效益全州风力涡轮机的数量将需要从现在的2200台提高到27000台以上由于人口和地形的限制这在实体上几乎不可能

“It is important for the residents of Illinois and policymakers to know the positive environmental impacts of our nuclear fleet,” coalition Executive Director Doug O’Brien said in a press release. “These data show clearly that we cannot make real progress in reducing air emissions and maintaining abundant supply if we don’t support our nuclear industry.”

“伊利诺斯的居民和决策者知道我们的核电站对环境的正面影响很重要,”联盟执行主任道格O'Brien在一份新闻稿中说。“这些数据清楚地表明,如果我们不支持核工业,我们将减少废气排放和保持充足的供应方面取得真正的进步

For more information, see NEI’s fact sheet on Illinois’ nuclear reactors and their impact on the state’s emission profile.

更多信息,NEI伊利诺斯的核反应堆和他们对州(碳)排放的影响情况说明书

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